14.02 Improvement of Non-Destructive Testing Tech-niques in Archaeology and for the Preservation of our Cultural Heritage (NDTofCH)

          Cairo University/ Egypt

Research

The NDT-Pyramids project will provide a basis for a more comprehensive and sustainable archaeological research at objects of our cultural heritage (CH) based on non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques. Prior to all measuring campaigns, a holistic consideration of the boundary conditions, the material properties and the available measuring techniques is performed based on simulations. A digital model of the object will be generated and all information available from the structure with be added. NDT techniques like RADAR, ultrasound or infrared-thermography will be simulated to evaluate their ability to detect voids or other artefacts inside of the object. As a result, the techniques best outperforming the required information can be selected along with sensor settings and sensor positions. This will establish a sustainable non-destructive (and if required non-contact) evaluation of structures of our cultural heritage.

As a demonstration case, the procedure will be applied to some inner parts of the Cheops Pyramid where possible anomalies have been detected during the ScanPyramids project using Muon mapping.

Publications

Podcast with Prof. Christian Große at "Bayrischer Rundfunk" (BR/ Bavarian Broadcast): "Cheops-Pyramide - Wie erforscht man eines der ältesten Bauwerke der Welt?", 22.01.2021 (only avalaible in German)

An interview with Prof. Christian Große about his pyramid research (2021): "New Data about the structure of the Pyramid of Cheops", TUM Research News, 20.01.2021

Team

Postdoctoral researcher

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Mohy Elkarmoty
Rock Engineering Laboratory
Cairo University

Doctoral researcher

Polina Pugacheva
Chair of Non-Destructive Testing  
TUM

Doctoral researcher

Khaled Helal, M.S.
Department of Mining Engineering
Cairo University

Doctoral researcher

Johannes Scherr
Chair of Non-Destructive Testing 
TUM

Doctoral researcher

Johannes Rupfle
Chair of Non-Destructive Testing  
TUM

Principal investigator

Prof. Christian U. Große
Chair for Non-Destructive Testing 
TUM

Principal investigator

Prof. Hany Helal
Department of Mining Engineering 
Cairo University